Mudjacking

Mudjacking – What It Is And Why It Is Recommended

Concrete mudjacking is a construction process that involves the injection of concrete grout underneath sunken concrete slabs. This is done in order to raise the sunken concrete back to its original level. This is seen as a cost-effective concrete repair method for sunken sidewalks, driveways, basement floors, patios as well as foundation walls. If you have concrete leveling needs around your premise, you should consider mudjacking as an easy way to get the surface back to its initial state.

How mudjacking works

Also referred to as concrete lifting, concrete raising or slabjacking, mudjacking is a very straightforward process. A concrete expert will visit the site, drill a hole under your sunken concrete slab, and inject a grout (a mixture of pond sand and concrete) beneath your concrete slab to raise it. This grout will fill the gap between the concrete slab and the ground which is causing it to sink. The area is then pressurized and lifted using hydraulics to lift it to its original state.

Concrete mudjacking is affordable

Besides the ease that comes with concrete leveling using the mudjacking process, this process is far much cheaper than other mudjacking alternative methods. The most common alternative involves tearing down the entire concrete slab and having it redone afresh. This takes a long time to complete and requires the use of heavy machinery. This means that it will cost more than it did the first time the concrete slab was installed because now there is the ripping off cost.

A complete overhaul also means that the area will take longer to dry and thus traffic will need to be diverted for days. You will also have to cure the cement as part of the drying process. All this is not necessary with mudjacking because the process takes a few hours and the area can be used normally after a day.

Mudjacking, on the other hand, costs half as much as installing a new slab would cost. This is because you do not need to demolish the concrete and replace it. With this cost-benefit, mudjacking has become the most preferred concrete leveling method by most people.

Where to apply the mudjacking method

If you have any concrete slabs or walls that lie below ground level, you can consider using the mudjacking method for leveling. Sidewalks, concrete patios, stairs, and driveways are the most common mudjacking projects. However, concrete leveling can also be effective for sunken basement floors, sinking foundations and concrete basement walls that are bowed.

Finding a reliable repair contractor

Unlike other home improvement and repair jobs, mudjacking is not a Do-It-Yourself project. This is because for it to be done there is a lot of specialized machinery that needs to be used. There is the drilling machine which drills the hole and the injector that pours the grout between the ground and the concrete slab. This makes it a job for an expert concrete contractor. If you have a concreting issue that may be solved by mudjacking, you can contact a professional with experience in the process for quick and effective results.

Choosing the right paving

Choosing the Right Paving Material

As a homeowner, one of the things you will eventually need to do is have your driveway or pathways redone. Your driveway is the first thing your guests see when they visit you. Therefore, keeping it looking its best should be a priority for homeowners. On the other hand, the walkways in your garden or backyard give it like and help to protect your lawn and plants by showing people where to walk. It is therefore important to always maintain your walkways.

When it comes to redoing your driveway or your parking lot, picking the right paving material may seem like an easy task. The quality of the material you go for directly impacts the sustainability of your driveway. Therefore, doing a bit of research on the best material for your needs can go a long way in ensuring you pick the best materials and that you enjoy value for your investment.

When it comes to commercial and residential a paving options in Australia, asphalt, concrete and decorative concrete are the most common choices. The choice for the best is based on a few factors such as the cost, durability, maintenance options, project purpose and quality.

Asphalt

The purpose of your paving plays a significant role in decision making on the best material to go for. Asphalt is recommended for driveways because of its ease of installation and affordability. Your driveway can get paved easily using asphalt. Factors that are taken into consideration include the car you drive and the traffic on the driveway every day. As much as asphalt may seem appropriate based on cost and ease of installation, it comes at an extra cost because of its timely maintenance needs. Also, the AU weather is warmer than in other regions and thus asphalt can melt in the Australian weather.  It is, therefore, most ideal for areas with low temperatures. It is therefore ideal for you to take into account the maintenance needs for asphalt before you pick it as your ideal paving material.

Decorative concrete

This type of concrete is most ideal for gardens, driveways, and patios. Decorative concrete is an aesthetic enhancement for already installed concrete structures. It is available in different materials like stamped, stained engraved and etched types. Decorative concrete is eco-friendly, highly durable, low maintenance requirements and it is ideal for the AU weather. Just like ordinary concrete, very low temperatures cause decorative concrete to crack which makes it ideal for regions with warm climates.

Concrete

Concrete is the most commonly used material for paving in homes and in commercial properties. While installation of concrete comes at a high cost, the fact that it takes up to a decade or more without the need to redo it. This makes it the most affordable type of paving material to go for. Also, concrete fairs well in warmer climates which makes it perfect for the AU climate.

Concrete is very easy to maintain, it is durable and can be installed in different colors and designs. It is ideal for your garage floor, driveways and walkways around your garden.

Concrete mixing

A Beginner’s Guide to Mixing Concrete

After a few years of use, it is normal for your concrete surfaces to require some repairs. Most people want to do the repairs, installing or replacing concrete on their own. Even so, most people have never worked with concrete before and are therefore clueless about how concrete mixing works. It is often advisable for you to work alongside a concreting expert even as you try to be hands on. Their expertise and help will ensure that you get the concreting jobs done right.

When it comes to concrete jobs, the materials you need depend on the scope of your project. You will need a concrete mixer for your project. There are companies that hire out this machinery which includes an operator.

Mixing ratios

The first thing you need to know about mixing concrete is the fact that the surface you create should be strong enough to support 3000 pounds per square inch. Therefore the mixture you make need to be thick enough to offer this support. It is important to adhere to materials mixing rations based on the area you need to cover to ensure the surface created is strong and durable.

There are 4 basic components used to make concrete. These are cement, sand, aggregate, and water. To produce 3000 PSI concrete mixture, you need to mix one part cement, three parts sand, 3 parts aggregate and one part water. The water to cement ratio is what indicates the strength of the mixture. The water and cement ration should be equal. A common mistake done when mixing concrete is to add more water than required trying to make the process of mixing and spreading easier. On the other hand, using a lower amount of water than the required water to cement ration will make the mixture too hard to mix and work with.

Concrete measuring

For small home projects, 5-gallon buckets can be used to measure concrete. With the rations above, you can make use of the bucket as a measuring tool. Therefore, one bucket cement, three buckets sand, three buckets aggregate and one bucket water can produce enough concrete for your small home improvement need and create surfaces that can withstand 3000 PSI.

The mixing process

If you need to mix large amounts of concrete, you can hire a mixer from a concreting company. For very big projects, you will need an electric mixer. This machine mixes the concrete in a spinning tub which makes the mixing process easier and less tedious. For smaller amounts of mixtures, you can consider using a wheelbarrow and a shovel to mix. Regardless of the mixing methods you go for, the mixing ratios should always be the same.

Curing concrete

Every slab of concrete requires at least 28 days of curing. During the first 7 days after applying the concrete slab, it is advisable for you to pour water on the slab every day. This allows the curing process to run smoothly and as it should. This is the time the concrete hardens to reach its maximum expected strength potential.

concrete recycling

Concrete Recycling – Cracked Driveway Re-Use

Concrete driveways have been considered to be required additions to any housing project. Concrete offers numerous benefits when compared to other paving materials. One of the best benefits offered by concrete is its longevity. It takes decades before one requires redoing the concrete driveway.

If you are looking into redoing your concrete driveway, one of the best ways to save on the cost is by recycling concrete. The recycling process is relatively easy. It involves the process of breaking the concrete from your driveway, removing it and crushing it.

The benefits of recycling concrete

According to statistics, construction and demolition waste amount to 25% of the national total solid waste. Concrete waste makes up the largest percentage of concrete and demolition waste. With concrete recycling, these numbers can greatly reduce.

Here are the benefits associated with concrete recycling:

There are several environmental and economic benefits of recycling concrete. They include:

  • Reduction of tippage and related freight charges
  • Recycled concrete is cheaper than newly mined aggregate
  • Reduced landfill space requirements to dispose of concrete debris
  • Reduction in the need for gravel mining since the concrete recycled can be used as gravel.

Ways recycled concrete can be used

There are several ways through which recycled concrete can be used:

As aggregate base

Aggregate can be used as the foundation for roadway pavement. It is used as the layer that forms a structural foundation for paving projects. This means that your driveway can be reconstructed using the aggregate from the demolished driveway as the foundation for the new project.

Ready to mix concrete

The recycled concrete can be used as a substitute for virgin aggregate. This can be used in the building of residential slabs and foundations, construction of residential streets and alleys, concrete driveways, as well as foundations for commercial building constructions.

Stabilization of soil

This is done by incorporating recycled concrete, fly ash or lime into subgrade material that is of marginal quality. This enhances the subgrade’s load baring capacity. This process changes the subgrade’s water susceptibility which in turn stabilizes the soil or the subgrade.

Pipe bedding

Recycling concrete provides material for building firm foundation beds where underground utilities can be laid.

Landscape material

Recycled, sized concrete rubble can be used in different landscaping settings. It can be used as attractive architectural support that offers varying structure colors and textures. Recycled concrete rubble can also be used as stacked/boulder rock walls, erosion structure, underpass abutment structure and also as water feature.

The process of concrete recycling

The process of recycling involves crushing, pre-sizing, sorting, screening and elimination of contamination.  The idea is to create clean concrete material that can later be re-sized and used based on need.

Large impactors, cones and primary jaws are used to reduce the concrete debris into smaller sizes. Further processing is done to create a finer product. Foreign particles and dirt are removed by the use of scalping screens and deck screens.

While it is still a new phenomenon, concrete recycling is expected to grow in importance over the coming years. Good quality Aggregate supplies are becoming less accessible in most regions and there is an increase in the need for waste concrete in landfills to be made useful.

Concrete vs Asphalt

Concrete vs Asphalt

When choosing paving options for driveways and pavements, most homeowners have to choose between concrete paving and asphalt paving. While these two materials are used to create the same effect in a space, there are a lot of differences in the two. These differences can make decision making easier.

Material difference

Asphalt is made using aggregate, which is crushes sand and rocks bonded using bitumen. When paving using asphalt, bitumen is mixed with aggregate and poured on a bed of heavier aggregate. A steamroller is used to press the asphalt which compacts it. The asphalt is them left to cool off before it is used.

When it comes to concrete paving, the concrete used also have an aggregate but in this case, the binder is cement. As it dries, it creates a stiff pavement.

Sustainability

There are differences between asphalt and concrete paving when it comes to maintenance and sustainability.

After being used for 6 months or a year, asphalt roads and pavements need to be sealed. Asphalt will require subsequent sealing every 3 to 5 years. This does not require any special tools and can be done by anyone with a little knowledge on the same. Sealing the asphalt extends its life which can see it last up to 30 years with proper maintenance.

For concrete driveways, concrete paving slabs, or concrete house slabs, once installed, they can last for up to 50 years with minimum maintenance. Concrete slabs do not require sealing even though sealing it can improve its finished look. Repairing cracks in concrete is easy and can be done by anyone.

Durability

It is always beneficial to go for a durable solution for drive3asys and house slabs. Concrete is far more durable than asphalt. It is also stronger than asphalt meaning it can hold more weight over a longer period than asphalt. A 5’’ thick concrete paving slab has a load capacity of an asphalt pavement that is 8’’ thick. Asphalt will only last about 20 years with proper maintenance while concrete can last up to 50 years.

The cost

Asphalt is more affordable to install than concrete with an average of about $3 to $5 per square foot. This means that it costs between $900 and $1500 to install a 300 square foot of asphalt paving in your driveway. On the other hand, it can cost between $1500 and $3000 to install a concrete driveway in the same space.

Even so, when considering the cost of either asphalt or concrete slabs, you cannot just look at the cost of installing. There are maintenance charges that come into play after the installation is done.

For asphalt, a lot of maintenance and sealing is required after every 3 to 5 years. For concrete house slabs, very little maintenance is required and can last for up to 50 years before a redo is required. Asphalt cannot last this long even with the regular maintenance. Therefore, asphalt proves to be more costly in the long run than concrete paving slabs.

Kerb appeal

Unlike the old days, concrete driveways today can be dyed to any color desired. This provides a unique addition to any home’s exterior space. This makes concrete a better choice for anyone going for a look that is eye catchy. Also, concrete can be textured and polished. On the other hand asphalt is only done in black color.

Conclusion

While the concrete vs asphalt debate is far from over, it is clear that concrete driveways and concrete house slabs are a better choice if one is lolling for durability, style, and comfort that will last for years.

Concrete Driveway

Concrete Driveways – Why They are the Best Option

Concrete Driveways – Why They are the Best Option

When it comes to remodeling homes, restructuring the driveway is one of the most important aspects to consider. Restructuring your driveway is a good way of adding value to your home. A concrete driveway is the best option to go for if you are looking for a new, lavish look.

Your driveway is prone to a lot of wear and tear over a short period. You may find that you will need to remodel it a few more times before you need to remodel your house. To ensure you do not spend too much time and resources remodeling every few years, a concrete driveway would be the best choice.

A concrete driveway can last through harsh weather conditions with ease. This is one of the benefits associated with concrete driveways.

Here are other benefits you can enjoy when you go for concrete driveways.

Design flexibility

When it comes to designs, concrete driveways are very flexible as they are not just confined to slab finishing style. You can also paint them in any color you desire for aesthetic value. Also, coloring your concrete driveway will give it a boost the ambiance of your home. It is also possible to pattern your concrete driveway in different designs to make it interesting. When you concrete your driveway, you add character and warmth to your home.

Durability

Driveways made of concrete are sturdy and very durable. This is because concrete can withstand the pressure from the traffic in the driveways without wearing off easily. A concrete driveway is a safer bet when compared to other driveways made of tiles or bricks that can break easily when they undergo too much pressure. With a concrete driveway, you only have to undertake periodic maintenance to enjoy the long service life it offers.

Affordability

A concrete driveway is the most cost-effective way of building an access to your property. Their durability makes them a worthy and affordable investment in the long run. If you were to compare the overall cost of installing and maintaining a concrete driver over other options, you will find that you use a significantly low amount on your concrete driveway.

With concrete driveways, you also have the choice of installing reflective lights that are energy friendly as they do not run on electricity.

Home quality improvement

Your driveway is the first thing people see whenever they visit your home. Concrete driveways add value to your home’s appeal giving it a professional and clean look. Concrete driveways are also very versatile. They can be built to suit your home’s landscape.

With a reliable concrete driveway expert, you can be sure to enjoy these benefits and more when you install a concrete driveway.

Concrete House Slab

Concrete House Slab Costs

Building custom concrete floors is a dream come true for any homeowner. Construction of one foot of concrete slab can cost between $2.88 and $3.88. Even so, estimating concrete house slab costs can be difficult and varies from one location to the other. There are numerous factors that come into play when you want to estimate the cost of installing concrete slabs.

Factors that affect the cost of installing concrete slabs 

1.    Cost of the material

Any concrete slab construction project is determined by the cost of the material to be used. If you are shipping the material, the shipping cost is also a factor to consider. The cost of the material is determined by the size of the space you want to install the concrete slab. A concrete slab specialist is best placed to measure the space required and advice on the materials needed.

2.    Cost of labor      

Different locations have different construction wages rates that are governed by the state. It is important to understand how many people are needed for the job. This has an effect on the project expenditure.

3.    The condition of your site

Most concrete slabs specialists will tell you that the condition of your site matters. Factors that determine the condition of your site include soil quality, contamination, wetlands, utility as well as traffic and environmental issues.

 

4.    Projects schedule 

If your project schedule is small compared to the kind of work needed to complete the project, the cost of construction can significantly go up. This is mostly true when it comes to projects that come with a large liquidated damage clause in the contract.

5.    Contingency plan

Most concrete slab experts will set a percentage of the total cost as a contingency measure. This is meant to cover any unforeseen costs that may arise during the time of construction. You can check with the contractor you are working with on how much they take as a contingency amount as this will affect the overall cost of construction.

6.    Bid timing

Concrete contractors will tell you that concrete construction seasonal disparities and also whether your project clashes with other bid openings can affect the cost of construction in some regions. It is advisable to check with your specialist for the best time to start on your project.

7.    Space to be covered

The size of the space you want to cover with concrete will determine the cost of the project. It will affect the amount of material needed, the time needed to complete the project and also the labor required to get the work done in the agreed upon time frame.

With all these factors considered, your concrete slabs specialist will be able to give you a price estimate of your project and also the time it may take to have it complete.